Our eye doctors are happy to assist you in more ways than only your spectacle needs. Eye health is a major component of our eye examination and in certain cases or conditions, an eye drop may be required as part of treatment. Here are some examples of common eye drops prescribed by our doctors.
An eye infection is a common reason patients visit our office. Whether it is a puffy, goopy, or painful eye, a microbe may be the culprit. In these cases, an antibiotic ointment, oral capsule, or eye drop may be prescribed to treat the issue.
It is important to adhere closely to our doctor’s dosage schedule, as it is designed to prevent microbial resistance and maximize efficient recovery. You must therefore complete the cycle as instructed by our optometrist, even if you are feeling better. It is common for antibiotics to be used or taken for a week or two.
Steroid Eye Drops
Steroids are used to treat inflammation and decrease the common signs and symptoms of redness, swelling, and pain. They may be used for treating various inflammatory conditions such as uveitis, dry eye disease, or contact lens complications.
As always, follow the instructions prescribed by our eye doctor and your pharmacist and make especially sure to attend follow-up appointments. Steroids have the potential to increase eye pressure in some people with prolonged use and patients are monitored for their intraocular pressures as a result.
After prolonged use of steroids, our optometrist may taper you off of the medication, developing a specific dosing schedule for a couple of weeks to gradually decrease the amount of daily drops. This prevents a rebound of the condition.
Cycloplegics and Dilation Drops
These drops are used to increase the size of the pupil and relax accommodation, a system within the eye responsible for clear near vision.
These eye drops may be used in-office to dilate the pupil or halt the accommodative system. The former is so that our optometrist can get a better view of the back of the eye, to allow for a more detailed assessment of the eye’s health.
The latter is important in cases where the glasses prescription needs to be further refined without the accommodative system influencing the results.
Cycloplegics may also be prescribed in some cases, such as uveitis, for pain management and faster recovery.
Eye Drops That Lower Your Eye Pressure
Ocular hypotensives are drugs that decrease the eye pressure within the eye. A normal eye pressure is important to ensure the health of the eye, especially the nerve layer at the back.
In some conditions, such as glaucoma, the eye pressure can increase, which has the potential to cause permanent damage to the nerve layer responsible for vision at the back of the eye. In these cases, our optometrist will prescribe eye drops medicine in an effort to decrease your eye pressure and limit the harm.
This could be in the form of a pill or eye drops. It may also be used acutely or chronically.
Allergy Eye Drops
It can affect one’s ability to complete daily tasks and repeated rubbing of the eyes could potentially leave lasting effects on the eyes and their surrounding skin.
Depending on your condition, an appropriate option will be prescribed or recommended for you.